Cloud Computingby David Petty
Saturday June 1st, 2013
Many people believe cloud computing is a new concept however the idea was actually created in the 1960’s. A man calledJoseph Carl Robnett Licklider or J.C.R. was one of America’s leading computer scientists. He foresaw the modern style of interactive computing and believed we would create a world-wide computer network where people could access programs and data from anywhere. J.C.R. funded the creation of ARPANET in the late 60’s which offered universities the ability to access files from a remote device.
At a similar time another computer scientist called John McCarthy, who was famous for coining the term “artificial intelligence”, also believed that we would have a world-wide computer network. He came up with the idea of the network being delivered as a public utility.
It wasn’t until 1989 that Tim Berners-Lee created the first page on the World Wide Web and the ideas of J.C.R. and McCarthy started to truly come to fruition. In 1993 the Mosaic web browser was released, this finally allowed people to access the web in the way we see it today. And in 1994 search engines and blogs were created. This made the web easy to navigate and allowed users to create their own page with relative ease.
During the 90’s cloud storage was still in its infancy and there wasn’t a uniform name for the technology. It wasn’t until 1997 that Ramnath Chellappa, an information systems professor, came up with the term “cloud computing” (click here to read why is it called the cloud?).
As fast broadband connections and mass storage solutions became more common place, businesses saw a need for cloud solutions. Within a few years companies started switching from hardware to cloud services due to ease of use and a reduction in costs. During this big boom in cloud storage several companies created services to meet the demand. One of those was Livedrive, which was released in 2008 by Andrew Michael – the founder of UK hosting company Fast Hosts.
As the cloud storage start-ups gained more users they started offering extra services such as the ability to edit files online. This gave users a true cloud computing solution and finally allowed people to work on their documents from any computer.